The threat of Antimicrobial Resistance in Developing Countries: Causes and Control Strategies
Umar Asiya Imam1, Abdulqadir Zahrau1 and *Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu2
1Department of Medical Microbiology, School of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
2Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Kampala International University, Uganda.
*Corresponding author: Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Kampala International University, Uganda. email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org 0000-0002-4538-0161
The causes of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in developing countries are complex and may be rooted in practices of health care professionals and patients’ behavior towards the use of antimicrobials as well as supply chains of antimicrobials in the population. Some of these factors may include inappropriate prescription practices, inadequate patient education, limited diagnostic facilities, unauthorized sale of antimicrobials, lack of appropriate functioning drug regulatory mechanisms, and non-human use of antimicrobials such as in animal production. Considering that these factors in developing countries may vary from those in developed countries, intervention efforts in developing countries need to address the context and focus on the root causes specific to this part of the world. Here, we describe these health-seeking behaviors that lead to the threat of AMR and healthcare practices that drive the development of AMR in developing countries and we discuss alternatives for disease prevention as well as other treatment options worth exploring.
Keywords: Antimicrobial resistance, Causes and Control Strategies
CITE AS: Umar Asiya Imam, Abdulqadir Zahrau and Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu (2024). The threat of Antimicrobial Resistance in Developing Countries: Causes and Control Strategies. IDOSR JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 9(1) 20-28. https://doi.org/10.59298/IDOSRJSR/2024/1.1.2028.100