Impact of Street Hawking on Children’s Academic Wellbeing: A Critical Assessment

Uche Samuel Ugo

Department of Public Administration, Kampala International University Uganda


Child street hawking is emerging as a significant public health concern in developing countries like Nigeria, primarily driven by poverty and resulting in the continuous migration of people to urban areas in search of livelihood. Despite existing legislation addressing child labor in Nigeria, the prevalence of street hawking persists due to inadequate implementation and enforcement. Moreover, traditional beliefs regarding children as contributors to the family’s socioeconomic well-being further perpetuate this practice in African societies. Family-related factors also contribute to the involvement of children in street hawking. However, child hawkers face numerous hazards, including physical violence, loss of merchandise, accidents, robbery, kidnapping, and even murder for ritualistic purposes. They are also vulnerable to extreme weather conditions, insect and reptile bites, hunger, and deprivation. Of great concern is the risk of sexual exploitation and forced prostitution, leading to unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections. This paper examines the impact of street hawking on children’s academic well-being and emphasizes the fundamental right of all children to receive basic education and quality learning opportunities. It underscores the need for legislation prohibiting street hawking by children, with legal repercussions for both parents and children involved in the practice. Prioritizing education and safeguarding children from the dangers of street hawking is essential for their holistic development and future societal contributions.

Keywords: Street Hawking, Child Labor, Academic Wellbeing, Legislation, Child Rights

CITE AS: Uche Samuel Ugo (2024). Impact of Street Hawking on Children’s Academic Wellbeing: A Critical Assessment. IDOSR JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION AND ENGLISH 9(2)7-11.