death worldwide. Infection with HIV likewise, has emerged as the most important
predisposing factor for developing TB in people co-infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
The objective of study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with
Tuberculosis among HIV positive adults attending ART clinic in Amuria health Centre IV in
Amuria district. A cross sectional study design, descriptive in nature was used in which a
total of 150 clients participated. Majority of participants were aged 30-40 with 36%, of this
patients, 97(64.67%) were female and 53(35.3%) were males. TB incidence was 7.33% males
were sputum positive and sputum positive females were 5.33% which totaled to 12.66%
positive respondents. Among the social exposure characteristics, exposure characteristics,
60.67% responded yes to asked questions and 39.33% replied no to the questions with 28%
in smoking cigarettes. Environmental factors, overcrowding showed highest percentage
(16%), followed by non-permanent housing (15.33%). The findings highlight, occupation, age
(31-50), low education level, smoking status, alcohol intake, and overcrowding,
unemployment associated with TB co infection. There is need for on-going educational,
informational and other interventions to address the risk factors of tuberculosis in HIV
Adults in order to decrease the rate of TB co-infection.
Keywords: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, co-infection, HIV, ART.
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HOW TO CITE
Ekemu, William (2023). Evaluation of Occurrence and Factors associated with Tuberculosis amid HIV
Positive Adults Attending ART Clinic in Amuria District. IDOSR JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY , 9(1):40-52.https://doi.org/10.59298/IDOSR/2023/01.1.1202