Evaluation of Factors affecting effective use of Condoms in Adolescents
of Mayengo Parish, Kamuganguzi Sub County, Kabale District
Niwahereza Alex

Unsafe sex was very common among the youth as they got involved into unprotected and
unsafe sex practices due to factors like lack of parental support and guidance, breakdown of
parent-child communication and cultural factors among others. The purpose of this study
was to identify the factors affecting effective use of condoms among adolescents of Mayengo
Parish, Kamuganguzi Sub County, Kabale District. The study design was descriptive and
simple random sampling procedure was used to select 40 respondents. Data was collected
by use of a semi structured interview guide. The findings showed that 40 (100%) were
currently involved in a sexual relationship, 37 (92.5%) knew about the safe sex practices, 34
(85%) knew how to effectively use condoms, 35 (87%) agreed that not knowing about effective
condom use had made them have live sex, 30 (75%) had ever had unsafe sex, 10 (25%)
respondents said youth did not use condoms because they wanted to know how sex without
a condom felt, 8 (20%) who wanted to show love to their partners, 24 (60%) sometimes used
condoms while having sex, 31 (77.5%) said cross generational sexual relationships were
sometimes common in their area, 25 (62.5%) always felt shy to ask for condoms at the
shop/hospital, 32 (80%) intended to use protection the next time they had sex, 34 (85%) had
never been sensitized about the importance of using condoms. The study concluded that
although all the respondents were knowledgeable and had ever heard of safe sex practices
and correctly described the effective way of using condoms, all the respondents were
sexually involved. The majority of respondents had a very early sexual debut and they have
had unprotected/live sex due to various reasons including curiosity and wanting to know
how it felt like when having live sex, peer pressure or wanting be like their friends, nonavailability of condoms among many other factors. The majority of respondents had ever
had unsafe sex. The key recommendations included adequate nationwide sensitization
programs on the dangers of unsafe sex as well as what they could do to ensure safe sex,
offering adolescent friendly sexual and reproductive health services, ensuring that
protective gears such as condoms were provided free of charge to youth and adequate
sensitization about the importance of practicing safe sex practices.
Keywords: Unsafe sex, Condom use, Adolescents, Sexual debut, Safe sex.





Niwahereza Alex (2023). Evaluation of Factors affecting effective use of Condoms in Adolescents
of Mayengo Parish, Kamuganguzi Sub County, Kabale District. IDOSR Journal of Biology, Chemistry
and Pharmacy 8(2)31-46.