Tola Papa’akurhyel Midala
contributes greatly to maternal morbidity and mortality. Several factors have been cited to
increase the risk of preeclampsia among which are obesity, extreme age, Nulliparity, change
in pregnancy paternity, and obesity among others. Lack of knowledge or awareness
concerning preeclampsia has also been cited as contributing adversely in terms of the overall
outcome. A study on preeclampsia and the various sociodemographic, modifiable variables
would come in handy in informing interventional measures. This study aims to achieve just
that. Assessing the determinants of preeclampsia among pregnant women at a gestational
age of 20 weeks and above attending ANC at FPRRH. A descriptive checklist- and
questionnaire-based cross-sectional study design was used which also involved a review of
214 patient records was employed. Maternal age, Nulliparity, rural residence, obesity and
lack of awareness concerning preeclampsia were significantly associated with preeclampsia,
among women diagnosed with preeclampsia at FPRRH, age (less than 18 or above 35 years),
Nulliparity, change in the male partner (paternity change) among the multiparas, low
socioeconomic status with mostly rural residence, and obesity was found to be statistically
significant in predicting pre-eclampsia. It was also noted that awareness concerning
preeclampsia was so low demanding interventional measures to correct it since adequate
knowledge and awareness positively impact prognosis and general outcome.
Keywords: Preeclampsia, Nulliparity, Pregnant women, FPRRH, Maternal age.
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HOW TO CITE
Tola Papa’akurhyel Midala (2023). Determinants of Preeclampsia among Pregnant
Women at Gestational Age of Above 20 Weeks Attending Antenatal Care at FPRRH.
IDOSR Journal of Biology, Chemistry and Pharmacy 8(2)1-13.